Canada - National Hockey League (NHL), Canada at the Winter Olympics (Ice Hockey)

National Hockey League (NHL), Canada at the Winter Olympics 
Ice Hockey

Ice hockey is a team sport played on ice. Form of a game similar to soccer. Players wear skating shoes so that they can move quickly over the surface of ice. Ice hockey ball (called a puck) shaped disc of rubber. Hockey stick used to hit or pass the ball on the surface of the ice. Scores printed by inserting the ball into the net; goalkeeper attempted to prevent the entry of the ball. When lowered to compete, a team consisting of six players; number of members in a team of more than 20 people. When a player is in breach, the referee gave a penalty. Players who are guilty are asked to wait for a while in "cubicle penalty", and his team must continue the game with just five players.
Ice hockey is very popular and well liked people in countries that are cool enough to form a layer of ice in the open field, for example in Canada, Russia, Sweden, Finland, Czech Republic, the northern United States, Latvia, and Slovakia. After an indoor ice arena, ice hockey has become a favorite sport all year round.
The best ice hockey player the world sons playing for the National Hockey League (NHL). NHL teams fight over the annual Stanley Cup trophy. In North America, the player's daughter joined the Canadian Women's Hockey League and the Western Women's Hockey League. In North America and Europe, the son of ice hockey is more popular than ice hockey princess. Winter Olympics ice hockey fight for number son / daughter. Ice hockey is the national sport of Canada, created in Canada in the 19th century. Although there are only 6 of 30 NHL teams based in Canada, the majority of Canadian NHL players.

The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) is a world of ice hockey. Although the IIHF has 66 member countries, 162 of 177 medals at World Ice Hockey Championships was won only by the seven major countries ice hockey: Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, and the United States.  Of the 63 medals given in ice hockey game son the Olympics since 1920, only 6 medals are not won by seven major state ice hockey. All (9 pieces) Olympic medals and 27 medals Princess IIHF World Championship won by seven major state ice hockey.

National Hockey League (NHL)

National Hockey League is the largest ice hockey league in the United States and Canada. This league was founded in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in 1917 after the cessation of the previous ice hockey league, the National Hockey Association (NHA), founded in 1909. NHL started its history with four teams, and after a period of expansion, relocation, and had experienced barriers, league now consists of 30 active teams. Had been a problem with the workers to make the NHL suspended the 2004-05 season total. But after that, the NHL managed to make a comeback with a hit, sales and net income have increased. In 2009, the NHL is enjoying the high of the spectators in the stadium and television, and the many sponsors.
This league is based in New York City, New York, United States. NHL is widely known as a professional hockey league in the world and became one of the major sports leagues in North America.

Canada at the Winter Olympics

Canada participated in the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Canada has previously hosted the 1976 Montreal Olympics and 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. In the 2010 Winter Olympics, Canada lose 206 athletes (116 men, 90 women) for 15 sports. Canadian Olympic Committee (COC) targeting Canada as an Olympic medal winner ever this year. Canadian athletes are expected to win between 28 and 34 medals, but this target is canceled by the COC on February 22, 2010. At the 2010 Winter Olympics, Canada collected a total of 26 medals, and exceeds the best performance of Canada at the 2006 Winter Olympics, when Canada won 24 medals (including 7 gold medals).

Canada has not only won the first gold medal of the Olympic Games held in their own country, but also a series of record-breaking gold medal. On February 14, freestyle skier Alexandre Bilodeau succeeded in becoming the first Canadian to win the gold medal in the Olympic mogul skiing held in Canada.  After winning eight gold medals on February 25, this time Canada won more gold medals than any other Winter Olympic Games, surpassing the achievements of seven gold medals in 2002 and 2006  On February 26, Canada with alone master ranked first in gold medals (10 golds), after briefly sharing the sequence number one with the United States and Germany for two days.
On February 27, Canada made history as the host country to win gold medals than any country host another Winter Olympics, surpassing a record 10 gold medals that recorded by Norway in 1994 and the United States in 2002,  as well as well as a host country to win first ever gold medal at the Winter Olympics since the Winter Olympics Norway in 1952.  Canada to end the 2010 Winter Olympics with a record of most medals (14 gold medals) at a single Winter Olympics, past performance 13 gold medals ever recorded by the Soviet Union in 1976 and Norway in 2002.

In 2010, Brian McKeever became the first Canadian athlete who participated Olympic team as well as the Paralympics, although ultimately he did not compete in the Olympics is derived.

Canada, historically known as the Dominion of Canada, is the northernmost country in North America. Is a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories with a decentralized system and constitutional monarchy form of government. Formed in 1867 by Confederate law.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa, where the national parliament and also the residence of Governor General and Prime Minister. Is a former French colony and the United Kingdom, Canada is a member of La Francophonie and the Commonwealth.
Canada is the largest country in North America. Canada's vast country 9,970,610 square kilometers.
Canada ranked developed country and its economy depends mainly on the availability of abundant natural resources.

The capital of Canada is Ottawa, where the state Parliament is located. Governor General of Canada, who runs a personal privilege which sent the kingdom, and the Prime Minister, who is head of government, has an official residence in Ottawa.
Originally a union with the former French colonial empire and the colonies of Britain, Canada is a Commonwealth Realm. He is a founding member of the United Nations, Commonwealth and La Francophonie. Canada has two official languages:

* French is the majority language of Quebec, and is widely used in New Brunswick, and also used in parts of eastern Ontario, north and southwest, and in specific communities throughout Atlantic Canada and Western Canada.
* English is the language of the majority in other places with the exception of some communities and territories Nunavut speak Inuktitut is the majority population.
Canada is an industrialized and technologically advanced, well off the energy supply due to the availability of fossil fuels, nuclear energy, and hydroelectric power. Its economy depends on the amount of natural resources and trade, especially with the United States, where Canada has extensive relationships and long (see US-Canada). Although modern, the Canadian economy remains widespread, natural resources remains as a force to control the nation's economy.
Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territori.
Other major cities include Montreal, Vancouver, and Calgary. See List of cities in Canada.
The name "Canada" is believed to come from the Huron-Iroquoia word Kanata, meaning "village", "settlements", or "collection of huts"

Canada has been inhabited by indigenous peoples (known in Canada as a Nation Canada) for more than 40,000 years. The Scandinavian expedition visited about 1000, briefly lived in a place known as L'Anse aux Meadows.
Britain's claim to North America began when John Cabot reached the place he called "Newfoundland" in 1497. French claims began with the exploration of Jacques Cartier (from 1534) and Samuel de Champlain (from 1603). In 1604, French settlers, who became known as Acadia, the first Europeans who settled permanently in Canada, followed by another French settlement at St.. Lawrence and the Atlantic Canada region.
British settlements were established along the Atlantic seaboard and around Hudson Bay. With the expansion of French and British colonies, and the war between France and Britain in Europe, the French and Indian War erupted four times from 1689 until 1763. In the Paris Agreement in 1763, France gave the United Kingdom almost all of New France, including Acadia and what it consists of Quebec and Ontario in the present. United Kingdom founded the colony of Nova Scotia, Lower Canada and Upper Canada. New colony similar to the current legal rights of the Province of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island immediately formed. Canadas cooperate membentukKanada. Coupled with the Cape Breton Nova Scotia.
During and after the American Revolution, many British Loyalists left the Thirteen Colonies unruk settle in Canada. Other settlers during this time of the explosion came from Europe, especially the British Isles.
In 1812, the War of 1812 began when the United States attacked Canada, in the experiment further destruction of the British Empire was afraid if being attacked. The Canadians fought back, and set the burn down the White House was in a sudden attack, make the Americans a ceasefire.Parliament of Canada on the Ottawa River in Ottawa, Ontario.
On July 1, 1867, three colonies - Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick - a constitution recognized the United Kingdom, British North America Act, creating the Dominion of Canada. Consists of the provinces Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec (formerly Canada East), and Ontario (formerly Canada West). The term "Confederation" refers to the 1867 Act is unity.
Colony of Great Britain and other territories soon follow Canada: from 1880, including all regions of Canada except Newfoundland and Labrador current, which joined in 1949. Westminster Act 1931 to establish self-government for Canada. Patriasi Canadian constitution that occurred during British rule mengegolkan deed of Canada 1982.
In the second half of the 20th century, some citizens, especially citizens of Quebec French speakers watch liberty / sovereignty in two referendums held in 1980 and 1995. In the 1980 referendum vote for independence is 60%; in the 1995 Quebec referendum vote on independence was 50.6%.


Canada occupies the northern half of North America. He U.S. borders in the south and the northwest by Alaska. The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean and Davis Strait in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; that became the motto of this country. To the north lies the Beaufort Sea and Arctic Ocean; Land of Green is located in the northeast.
Since 1925, Canada has claimed the portion of the Arctic ranging from 60 ° W and 141 ° W ([1]). The most northern residence in Canada (and the world) is Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island - latitude 82.5 ° N - just 834 kilometers from the North Pole.

Privileges as Canadian head of state held by a Governor-General, who is usually a senior politician or other prominent Canadians, who are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister of Canada. Governor-General is a non-partisan figure who meet various ceremonial roles, among others, the Agreement provides the Kingdom of the bill which was passed by the House of Commons and the Senate, read the Speech from the Throne, signing state documents, open and officially end the parliamentary session, and dissolve the parliament during the election period.
Queen and Governor-General in particular, led only in the name of it and have little real power, because they almost always act on the advice of the Head of Government of Canada, the Prime Minister. They served symbolically as continuous administration, ie when there is a change of government.
Constitution of Canada (see text in this page) set the framework of official state, but its realization must be viewed also from the point of the many traditions and conventions that are not written (see the Westminster System). Patriasi constitution, with procedures for amendments, Talah approved in one night in November 1981. Quebec nationalists call that night as the 'Night of the Long Knives' - because it happens without the permission of the Province of Quebec.
Governor General of Canada raised the Prime Minister (PM), which is usually the leader of a political party that holds the most seats in the House of Commons. PM in the appointment of the Cabinet to consider proposals from members of the party convention AM in the House of Commons and Senate. Executive power is run by the PM and cabinet, which all members are sworn in the General Council of Canada Caucus.
Legislative branches of government, namely the Parliament, has two seats: the House of Commons is appointed and an appointed Senate. Election to the House of Commons conducted by the Governor-General on the recommendation of the PM, and must occur no less than 5 years after the previous election.
Canada has three main national parties: the New Democratic Party (NDP), which is an advanced party of leaning towards the "left", the Liberal Party of Canada, and the Conservative Party of Canada, which is a party leaning toward the "right". The left-right classification can be misleading however, because of the number of members in all three main parties, being a "leftist" on social issues, and "the Right" on economic issues. Consequently, the third party may have a complex number of seats in the spectrum of left-right political decision. Regional-based party, the Bloc Quebecois, gaining more seats in the province of Quebec and promote Quebec independence from Canada. Also there are many smaller parties and some are not represented in Parliament in the federal election of 2004. Independent candidates are rarely elected (Chuck Cadman was an exception in the election of 2004).
The Liberal Party has formed government of Canada for 32 years. The leaders who had become Prime Minister of Canada, among others, is that Paul Martin and Jean Chrétien. In December 2003, formed the Conservative Party of Canada. This party is a combination of Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. The Conservatives then won parliamentary elections January 23, 2006, and the Liberal Party became the opposition in parliament. Stephen Harper, who led the Conservative Party, today is the Prime Minister of Canada.
Justice Canada plays an important role in realizing the laws and regulations of federal, provincial, and city and has the power to impose laws that violated the constitution. All judges at the superior level, authorities in terms of appeal and the Supreme Court of Canada is selected and appointed by the federal government, after consultation with non-official body of government. Position at the lowest level court with jurisdiction limited to a province or territory, located in each province and territory governments. Supreme Court of Canada is the last law breaker (see the court system in Canada).

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